Greatly simplify the man page handling.
[thirdparty/cups.git] / doc / help / man-lp.html
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c277f98c 1<!DOCTYPE HTML>
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2<html>
3<!-- SECTION: Man Pages -->
4<head>
5 <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../cups-printable.css">
6 <title>lp(1)</title>
7</head>
8<body>
9<h1 class="title">lp(1)</h1>
10<h2 class="title"><a name="NAME">Name</a></h2>
11lp - print files
12<h2 class="title"><a name="SYNOPSIS">Synopsis</a></h2>
c277f98c 13<b>lp</b>
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14[
15<b>-E</b>
16] [
17<b>-U</b>
c277f98c 18<i>username</i>
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19] [
20<b>-c</b>
21] [
22<b>-d </b><i>destination</i>[<b>/</b><i>instance</i>]
23] [
24<b>-h </b><i>hostname</i>[<b>:</b><i>port</i>]
25] [
26<b>-m</b>
27] [
28<b>-n</b>
c277f98c 29<i>num-copies</i>
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30] [
31<b>-o </b><i>option</i>[<b>=</b><i>value</i>]
32] [
33<b>-q</b>
c277f98c 34<i>priority</i>
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35] [
36<b>-s</b>
37] [
38<b>-t</b>
c277f98c 39<i>title</i>
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40] [
41<b>-H</b>
c277f98c 42<i>handling</i>
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43] [
44<b>-P</b>
c277f98c 45<i>page-list</i>
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46] [
47<b>--</b>
48] [
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49<i>file(s)</i>
50]
51<br>
52<b>lp</b>
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53[
54<b>-E</b>
55] [
56<b>-U</b>
c277f98c 57<i>username</i>
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58] [
59<b>-c</b>
60] [
61<b>-h </b><i>hostname</i>[<b>:</b><i>port</i>]
62] [
63<b>-i</b>
c277f98c 64<i>job-id</i>
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65] [
66<b>-n</b>
c277f98c 67<i>num-copies</i>
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68] [
69<b>-o </b><i>option</i>[<b>=</b><i>value</i>]
70] [
71<b>-q</b>
c277f98c 72<i>priority</i>
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73] [
74<b>-t</b>
c277f98c 75<i>title</i>
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76] [
77<b>-H</b>
c277f98c 78<i>handling</i>
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79] [
80<b>-P</b>
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81<i>page-list</i>
82]
94436c5a 83<h2 class="title"><a name="DESCRIPTION">Description</a></h2>
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84<b>lp</b> submits files for printing or alters a pending job.
85Use a filename of "-" to force printing from the standard input.
86<h3><a name="THE_DEFAULT_DESTINATION">The Default Destination</a></h3>
87CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The <b>LPDEST</b> and <b>PRINTER</b> environment variables are consulted first.
88If neither are set, the current default set using the
87030afb 89<b>lpoptions</b>(1)
cfa19b58 90command is used, followed by the default set using the
87030afb 91<b>lpadmin</b>(8)
cfa19b58 92command.
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93<h2 class="title"><a name="OPTIONS">Options</a></h2>
94The following options are recognized by <i>lp</i>:
2909c66c 95<dl class="man">
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96<dt><b>--</b>
97<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Marks the end of options; use this to print a file whose name begins with a dash (-).
98<dt><b>-E</b>
99<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Forces encryption when connecting to the server.
100<dt><b>-U </b><i>username</i>
101<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Specifies the username to use when connecting to the server.
102<dt><b>-c</b>
103<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">This option is provided for backwards-compatibility only. On systems that support it, this option forces the print file to be copied to the spool directory before printing.
104In CUPS, print files are always sent to the scheduler via IPP which has the same effect.
105<dt><b>-d </b><i>destination</i>
106<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints files to the named printer.
107<dt><b>-h </b><i>hostname</i>[<b>:</b><i>port</i>]
108<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Chooses an alternate server.
109<dt><b>-i </b><i>job-id</i>
110<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Specifies an existing job to modify.
111<dt><b>-m</b>
112<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Sends an email when the job is completed.
113<dt><b>-n </b><i>copies</i>
114<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Sets the number of copies to print.
115<dt><b>-o "</b><i>name</i><b>=</b><i>value </i>[ ... <i>name</i><b>=</b><i>value </i>]<b>"</b>
116<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Sets one or more job options.
423e6ddb 117See "COMMON JOB OPTIONS" below.
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118<dt><b>-q </b><i>priority</i>
119<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Sets the job priority from 1 (lowest) to 100 (highest).
120The default priority is 50.
121<dt><b>-s</b>
122<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Do not report the resulting job IDs (silent mode.)
123<dt><b>-t "</b><i>name</i><b>"</b>
124<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Sets the job name.
125<dt><b>-H </b><i>hh:mm</i>
126<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em"><dt><b>-H hold</b>
127<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em"><dt><b>-H immediate</b>
128<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em"><dt><b>-H restart</b>
129<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em"><dt><b>-H resume</b>
130<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Specifies when the job should be printed.
131A value of <i>immediate</i> will print the file immediately, a value of <i>hold</i> will hold the job indefinitely, and a UTC time value (HH:MM) will hold the job until the specified UTC (not local) time.
132Use a value of <i>resume</i> with the <i>-i</i> option to resume a held job.
133Use a value of <i>restart</i> with the <i>-i</i> option to restart a completed job.
134<dt><b>-P </b><i>page-list</i>
135<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Specifies which pages to print in the document.
136The list can contain a list of numbers and ranges (#-#) separated by commas, e.g., "1,3-5,16".
137The page numbers refer to the output pages and not the document's original pages - options like "number-up" can affect the numbering of the pages.
2909c66c 138</dl>
cfa19b58 139<h3><a name="COMMON_JOB_OPTIONS">Common Job Options</a></h3>
94436c5a 140Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the
87030afb 141<b>lpoptions</b>(1)
cfa19b58 142command, the following generic options are available:
2909c66c 143<dl class="man">
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144<dt><b>-o job-sheets=</b><i>name</i>
145<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints a cover page (banner) with the document.
146The "name" can be "classified", "confidential", "secret", "standard", "topsecret", or "unclassified".
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147<dt><b>-o media=</b><i>size</i>
148<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Sets the page size to <i>size</i>. Most printers support at least the size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".
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149<dt><b>-o number-up=</b>{<i>2|4|6|9|16</i>}
150<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output page.
cfa19b58 151<dt><b>-o orientation-requested=4</b>
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152<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise).
153<dt><b>-o orientation-requested=5</b>
154<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).
155<dt><b>-o orientation-requested=6</b>
156<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).
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157<dt><b>-o print-quality=3</b>
158<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em"><dt><b>-o print-quality=4</b>
159<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em"><dt><b>-o print-quality=5</b>
160<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Specifies the output quality - draft (3), normal (4), or best (5).
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161<dt><b>-o sides=one-sided</b>
162<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints on one side of the paper.
163<dt><b>-o sides=two-sided-long-edge</b>
164<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.
165<dt><b>-o sides=two-sided-short-edge</b>
166<dd style="margin-left: 5.0em">Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.
2909c66c 167</dl>
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168<h2 class="title"><a name="CONFORMING_TO">Conforming To</a></h2>
169Unlike the System V printing system, CUPS allows printer names to contain any printable character except SPACE, TAB, "/", or "#".
170Also, printer and class names are <i>not</i> case-sensitive.
171<p>The <i>-q</i> option accepts a different range of values than the Solaris lp command, matching the IPP job priority values (1-100, 100 is highest priority) instead of the Solaris values (0-39, 0 is highest priority).
94436c5a 172<h2 class="title"><a name="EXAMPLES">Examples</a></h2>
cfa19b58 173Print two copies of a document to the default printer:
2909c66c 174<pre class="man">
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175
176 lp -n 2 filename
177
94436c5a 178</pre>
cfa19b58 179Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":
2909c66c 180<pre class="man">
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181
182 lp -d foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename
183
94436c5a 184</pre>
51c22b86 185Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "bar":
2909c66c 186<pre class="man">
cfa19b58 187
51c22b86 188 lp -d bar -o number-up=2 filename
94436c5a 189</pre>
94436c5a 190<h2 class="title"><a name="SEE_ALSO">See Also</a></h2>
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191<b>cancel</b>(1),
192<b>lpadmin</b>(8),
193<b>lpoptions</b>(1),
194<b>lpq</b>(1),
195<b>lpr</b>(1),
196<b>lprm</b>(1),
197<b>lpstat</b>(1),
cfa19b58 198CUPS Online Help (<a href="http://localhost:631/help">http://localhost:631/help</a>)
94436c5a 199<h2 class="title"><a name="COPYRIGHT">Copyright</a></h2>
87030afb 200Copyright &copy; 2007-2019 by Apple Inc.
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201
202</body>
203</html>