[thirdparty/mdadm.git] / ChangeLog
cd29a5c8 1
2Changes Prior to 0.7 release
4 - Fix makefile to install binary at /sbin and not /sbin/sbin
5 Also install man page.
6 - Add --zero-superblock based on --destroywithextremeprejudice
7 from Dale Stephenson <>
8 - change name to mdadm. It is palandromic, and much nicer to pronouce.
10Changes Prior to 0.6 release
9a9dab36 12 - Remove the limit on the number of device names that can be
13 given on the command line.
14 - Fix bug in --assemble --force where it would only update a
15 single superblock.
16 - Fix bogus printing of big numbers not being block devices
17 when given names of devices that don't exist.
18 - When --assemble --force, consider superblocks with an event
19 count that is 1 behind as out-of-date. Normally they are
20 considered up-to-date (as the kernel assumes this too).
21 - When marking drives as not-failed in the superblock,
22 we also mark them as ACTIVE and SYNC.
23 - Don't start arrays for which not all drives are available unless:
24 --scan which implies that all drives were found automatically
25 --run which means the user knows what they want
26 --force which means that we are fixing something broken
27 - Make sure all device numbers passed as 3rd arg of ioctl
28 are passed as unsigned lock, so that it works on SPARC
29 - If HOT_ADD_DISK failes for -a, then only try ADD_NEW_DISK
30 if we cannot read from the array, i.e. if the array is
31 not started yet.
32 - man page update
33 - Taught Examine to handle --scan. It examines all devices listed
34 on DEVICE lines in the config file.
35 - Added --brief (-b) flag for Examine and Detail to print out
36 and mdctl.conf compatible description with uuid=, level=,
37 disks= and - for Examine - devices=
38 --examine --brief collects all devices the make the one array and
39 list them as one entry.
40 - Added level= and disks= options to ARRAY lines in config files
41 so --brief output could be used as-is.
42 - Make parity style ({left,right}-{,a}symmetric) consistantly use -,
43 never _.
44 - Add "Array Size" to --detail output
45 - Change "Size" to "Device Size" and exclude from Detail of arrays
46 that do not have a consistent device size.
47 - Add Human readable MiB or GiB value on size lines of Detail and Examine
48 - --assemble --scan doesn't complain about active drives
49 - require number of spares given in -x to be listed.
50 - Made --build actually work.
51Changes Prior to 0.5 release
53 --assemble:
54 spare drives are handled properly.
56 --force can be used to recover from 2-drive failures on RAID5
57 If you belive that /dev/hda1 /dev/hdb1 /dev/hdc1 /dev/hdd1 should
58 make a raid5 array, but it has experienced multiple failures and
59 wont start, then
61 mdctl --assemble --force /dev/md0 /dev/hd[abcd]1
63 Should update the superblock on the newest failed drive and
64 restart the array in degraded mode. You should then remove the
65 remaining failed drive and re-add it (if you are happy that it
66 might work).
68 Ofcourse whenever you have a 2-drive failure, you have a risk
69 of corruption in data that hasn't be changed for a long time. So
70 this doesn't give you your array back all nice and happy, but it
71 does allow you to recover data that might not be corrupt.
73 More flexibility in identifying a RAID array in the mdctl.conf
74 e.g.
75 array /dev/md4 super-minor=4
77 assembles /dev/md4 from all devices found that have a raid
78 superblock that says the minor number of the array is 4.
79 If the blocks with the right minor number do not all have the
80 same UUID, an error is flags and no assembly happens.
82 array /dev/md3 devices=/dev/hd[abc]2
84 Assembles /dev/md3 drom /dev/hda2 /dev/hdb2 and/dev/hdc2. All
85 devices must exist and have raid superblock with the same uuid.
87 If two identity specifiers are used, only devices that match all
88 of them are considered, so
90 array /dev/md2 devices=/dev/hd?2 super-minor=2
92 will assemble /dev/md2 using all /dev/hd?2 devices which have a
93 raid superblock with minor number 2.
95 --create:
96 When listing devices for --create, the word "missing" can be
97 used to indicate that the respective slot does not have a
98 working drive currently. This is similar to the "failed-disk"
99 directive in mkraid/raidtab.
100 e.g.
101 mdctl --create --level=5 -raid-disks=4 --spare-disks=2
102 /dev/md0 /dev/sda /dev/sdb missing /dev/sdc /dev/sdd /dev/sde
104 will create a raid5 array with the third slot empty, and two
105 spares.
107 By default, raid5 arrays are created with the last slot empty
108 and drive listed for the last slot added as a spare. If a
109 "missing" slot is given, or if --force is given, then --create
110 does exactly what you ask and doesn't try to be clever.
113 --follow / --monitor:
115 This is a new mode. I couldn't stop my self from picking a name
116 starting with F (as current modes start A,B,C,D,E) but I
117 relented and provided an alternate name that is somewhat more
118 meaningful.
120 In this mode, mdctl does not exit, but runs continuously and
121 periodically polls all the md devices to see if they have had
122 any interested state change.
123 The changes that it currently notices are:
124 Fail - an active disc fails
125 FailSpare - a spare, that was presumably being build, fails
126 ActiveSpare - a spare becomes active, presumably after a rebuild.
128 Options:
129 --mail mailaddress - send Email on any Fail* event
130 --program program - run the program on any event.
131 Args are: eventname mddevice subdevice(if-known)
132 --delay seconds - change from the default 60second pause
133 between polls.
135 I plan to add functionality to this mode to allow sharing of
136 spare drives. If an array is marks "spare-group=fred", and it
137 has a failed drive and no spares, and if some other array is
138 also "spare-group=fred" and it has no failed drives, but does
139 have a spare drive that is big enough, the spare will be moved
140 to the first array.
142 I also have the idea of adding a --grow mode which will re-organise
143 the data on an N disk raid0/4/5 array to be on an N+M disk array.
144 I have no concrete plans for this though.
146 I got rid of the "v" in the archive file name, and include the
147 version number in the directory created by the archive.
149 There is now a man page and mdctl.spec (for rpm) thanks to
150 Danilo Godec <>.
152 Ofcourse, the man page is now out of date and despite being based on
153 the --help output, is not wholy correct. After I get --follow
154 working properly, I plan to revise the various documentation and/or
155 the code to make sure the two match.